Cognitive Impairment After Concussion

Cognition is the act of knowing or thinking. It includes the ability to choose, understand, remember and use information.

Cognition includes:

  • Attention and concentration
  • Processing and understanding information
  • Memory
  • Communication
  • Planning, organizing, and assembling
  • Reasoning, problem solving, decision-making, and judgment
  • Controlling impulses and desires and being patient

A problem with any one of these aspects of cognition is neurocognitive impairment. Disturbances of attention, memory, and executive functioning are the most common neurocognitive consequences. A head injury, traumatic brain injury (TBI), brain injury, or other head trauma can affect cognition.

Cognitive impairments due to brain injury can affect attention and memory, which can be particularly problematic with crucial functions like communication and more.

A thorough neuropsychiatric assessment should be conducted to see what exactly is wrong so that the proper treatment can be administered.

Cognitive rehabilitation is generally only useful for patients with mild to moderate cognitive impairments, and who are still relatively functionally independent. For more serious brain damage, no real treatment can help the patient get back to his or her former self.

The recent National Football League concussion settlement results defined levels of neurocognitive impairment. The most basic criteria include evidence that there has been a decline in two or more domains of cognitive function (complex attention, executive function, learning and memory, language, perceptual-spatial). This diagnosis should be consistent with the criteria set forth in the National Alzheimer’s Coordinating Center’s Clinical Dementia Rating scale Category 0.5 (Questionable) in the areas of Community Affairs, Home & Hobbies, and Personal Care. As the decline in functionality becomes moderate to severe, the neurocognitive impairment level moves upward along with the correlation to a higher category on the Alzheimer’s scale.

Level 1.5 Neurocognitive Impairment is early dementia. Level 2 Neurocognitive Impairment is moderate dementia.

NCAA Football Concussion Injury Lawyers

The trial lawyers of Raizner Slania have represented clients not only across the United States, but also internationally. Our team is leading the college football concussion lawsuits, helping college athletes around the nation recover damages for head injuries suffered during sports play. If you or someone you know played football in college and suffered from neurocognitive impairment, contact us today for a confidential free consultation.